Precautionary statements are one of the key elements for the labelling of containers under the GHS, along with:

an identification of the product;

one or more hazard pictograms (where necessary)

a signal word – either DANGER or WARNING – where necessary

hazard statements, indicating the nature and degree of the risks posed by the product

the identity of the supplier (who might be a manufacturer or importer)

Each precautionary statement is designated a code, starting with the letter P and followed by three digits. Statements which correspond to related hazards are grouped together by code number, so the numbering is not consecutive. The code is used for reference purposes, for example to help with translations, but it is the actual phrase which should appear on labels and safety data sheets.[4] Some precautionary phrases are combinations, indicated by a plus sign "+". In several cases, there is a choice of wording, for example "Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray": the supplier or regulatory agency should choose the appropriate wording for the product concerned.

      General precautionary statements

P101 If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.

P102 Keep out of reach of children.

P103 Read label before use.

      Prevention precautionary statements

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces – No smoking.

P211 Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.

P212 Avoid heating under confinement or reduction of the desensitising agent.

P220 Keep away from clothing and other combustible materials.

P221 Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles.

P222 Do not allow contact with air.

P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire.

P230 Keep wetted with …

P231 Handle and store contents under inert gas/....

P232 Protect from moisture.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P234 Keep only in original packaging.

P235 Keep cool.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/…] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P244 Keep reduction valves free from grease and oil.

P250 Do not subject to grinding/shock/friction/….

P251 Pressurized container – Do not pierce or burn, even after use.

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.

P263 Avoid contact during pregnancy and while nursing.

P264 Wash … thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.

P282 Wear cold insulating gloves and either face shield or eye protection.

P283 Wear fire resistant or flame retardant clothing.

P284 Wear respiratory protection.

P285 In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.

P231 + 232 Handle and store contents under inert gas/…. Protect from moisture..

P235 + 410 Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.

Response precautionary statements

P301 IF SWALLOWED:

P302 IF ON SKIN:

P303 IF ON SKIN (or hair):

P304 IF INHALED:

P305 IF IN EYES:

P306 IF ON CLOTHING:

P307 IF exposed:

P308: IF exposed or concerned:

P309 IF exposed or you feel unwell:

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P312 Call a POISON CENTRE/doctor/… if you feel unwell.

P313 Get medical advice/attention.

P314 Get Medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.

P315 Get immediate medical advice/attention.

P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label).

P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label).

P322 Specific measures (see … on this label).

P330 Rinse mouth.

P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.

P332 If skin irritation occurs:

P333 If skin irritation or a rash occurs:

P334 Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].

P335 Brush off loose particles from skin.

P336 Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected areas.

P337 If eye irritation persists:

P338 Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do. continue rinsing.

P340 Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P341 If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P342 If experiencing respiratory symptoms:

P350 Gently wash with soap and water.

P351 Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.

P352 Wash with soap and water.

P353 Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P360 Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.

P361 Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.

P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P370 In case of fire:

P371 In case of major fire and large quantities:

P372 Explosion risk.

P373 DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.

P374 Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance.

P375 Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

P376 Stop leak if safe to do so.

P377 Leaking gas fire – do not extinguish unless leak can be stopped safely.

P378 Use … for extinction.

P380 Evacuate area.

P381 In case of ignition, eliminate all ignition sources.

P391 Collect spillage.

P301 + 310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P301 + 312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTRE/doctor/… if you feel unwell.

P301 + 330 + 331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P302 + 334 IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water or wrap in wet bandages.

P302 + P335 + P334 IF ON SKIN: Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].

P302 + 350 IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with soap and water.

P302 + 352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with soap and water.

P303 + 361 + 353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P304 + 312 IF INHALED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

P304 + 340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P304 + 341 IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P305 + 351 + 338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P306 + 360 IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.

P307 + 311 IF exposed: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P308 + 313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

P309 + 311 IF exposed or you feel unwell: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P332 + 313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P333 + 313 If skin irritation or a rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P336 + P315 Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected area. Get immediate medical advice/attention.

P335 + 334 Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.

P337 + 313 If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention.

P342 + 311 If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P370 + P372 + P380 + P373 In case of fire: Explosion risk. Evacuate area. DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.

P370 + 376 In case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.

P370 + 378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.

P370 + 380 In case of fire: Evacuate area.

P370 + 380 + 375 In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

P370 + P380 + P375 [P378] In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. [Use … to extinguish].

P371 + 380 + 375 In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

Storage precautionary statements

P401 Store in accordance with…

P402 Store in a dry place.

P403 Store in a well ventilated place.

P404 Store in a closed container.

P405 Store locked up.

P406 Store in a corrosive resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner.

P407 Maintain air gap between stacks or pallets.

P410 Protect from sunlight.

P411 Store at temperatures not exceeding … °C/…

P412 Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50°C.

P413 Store bulk masses greater than … kg/… lbs at temperatures not exceeding … °C.

P420 Store separately.

P422 Store contents under …

P402+404 Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.

P403+233 Store in a well ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P403+235:Store in a well ventilated place. Keep cool.

P410+403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well ventilated place.

P410+412 Protect from sunlight. Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50°C.

P411+235 Store at temperatures not exceeding … °C/… °F. Keep cool.

P501 Dispose of contents/container to .

P502 Refer to manufacturer or supplier for information on recovery or recycling.

 

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